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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For The Quarterly Period Ended July 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For The Transition Period From              To             
Commission File Number: 001-34755
LIMONEIRA COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware77-0260692
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
1141 Cummings Road
Santa Paula, CA 93060
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (805) 525-5541
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01LMNR
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
(NASDAQ Global Select Market)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☐Smaller reporting
company ☐
Emerging growth
company ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
As of August 31, 2023, there were 17,978,910 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock.



LIMONEIRA COMPANY
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
  
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets – July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022
  
Consolidated Statements of Operations – three and nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022
  
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income – three and nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022
  
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity and Temporary Equity – three and nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows – nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022
  
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
  
Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
   
Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
   
Item 4.Controls and Procedures
   
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
  
Item 1.Legal Proceedings
   
Item 1A.Risk Factors
   
Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
   
Item 3.Defaults Upon Senior Securities
   
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures
   
Item 5.Other Information
   
Item 6.Exhibits
   
SIGNATURES
2


FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Quarterly Report”) contains both historical and forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, some of which are beyond the Company’s control. The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual financial condition, results of operations and future performance to differ materially from those expressed or implied in this Quarterly Report include:
success in executing the Company's business plans and strategies and managing the risks involved in the foregoing;
negative impacts related to the COVID-19 pandemic and our Company's responses to the pandemic;
changes in laws, regulations, rules, quotas, tariffs, and import laws;
adverse weather conditions, natural disasters and other adverse natural conditions, including freezes, rains, fires, winds and droughts that affect the production, transportation, storage, import and export of fresh produce;
market responses to industry volume pressures;
increased pressure from disease, insects and other pests;
disruption of water supplies or changes in water allocations;
disruption in the global supply chain;
product and raw materials supplies and pricing;
energy supply and pricing;
changes in interest rates and the impact of inflation;
availability of financing for development activities;
general economic conditions for residential and commercial real estate development;
political changes and economic crises;
international conflict;
acts of terrorism;
labor disruptions, strikes, shortages or work stoppages;
the impact of foreign exchange rate movements;
ability to maintain compliance with covenants under our loan agreements;
loss of important intellectual property rights; and
other factors disclosed in our public filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).
These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that we have identified as having the potential to cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated herein. We have described in Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2022 additional factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our projections or estimates.
The Company’s actual results, performance, prospects or opportunities could differ materially from those expressed in or implied by the forward-looking statements. Additional risks of which the Company is not currently aware or which the Company currently deems immaterial could also cause the Company’s actual results to differ, including those discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2022. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, even if our situation changes in the future.
All references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “our Company,” “the Company” or “Limoneira” in this Quarterly Report mean Limoneira Company, a Delaware corporation, and its consolidated subsidiaries.
3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
LIMONEIRA COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 July 31, 2023October 31, 2022
Assets  
Current assets:  
Cash$11,007 $857 
Accounts receivable, net18,067 15,651 
Cultural costs2,618 8,643 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets6,117 8,496 
Receivables/other from related parties5,229 3,888 
Total current assets43,038 37,535 
Property, plant and equipment, net162,836 222,628 
Real estate development9,967 9,706 
Equity in investments73,425 72,855 
Goodwill1,524 1,506 
Intangible assets, net6,996 7,317 
Other assets14,887 16,971 
Total assets$312,673 $368,518 
Liabilities, Convertible Preferred Stock and Stockholders' Equity  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$8,985 $10,663 
Growers and suppliers payable7,604 10,740 
Accrued liabilities8,392 11,060 
Payables to related parties4,704 4,860 
Income taxes payable7,175 219 
Current portion of long-term debt435 1,732 
Total current liabilities37,295 39,274 
Long-term liabilities:  
Long-term debt, less current portion40,735 104,076 
Deferred income taxes22,363 23,497 
Other long-term liabilities6,079 9,807 
Total liabilities106,472 176,654 
Commitments and contingencies   
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock – $100.00 par value (50,000 shares authorized: 14,790 shares issued and outstanding at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022) (8.75% coupon rate)
1,479 1,479 
Series B-2 Convertible Preferred Stock – $100.00 par value (10,000 shares authorized: 9,300 shares issued and outstanding at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022) (4% dividend rate on liquidation value of $1,000 per share)
9,331 9,331 
Stockholders' equity:  
Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock – $0.01 par value (20,000 shares authorized: zero issued or outstanding at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022)
  
Common Stock – $0.01 par value (39,000,000 shares authorized: 18,229,887 and 17,935,292 shares issued and 17,978,910 and 17,684,315 shares outstanding at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022, respectively)
180 177 
Additional paid-in capital167,925 165,169 
Retained earnings23,945 15,500 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(4,496)(7,908)
Treasury stock, at cost, 250,977 shares at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022
(3,493)(3,493)
Noncontrolling interest11,330 11,609 
Total stockholders' equity195,391 181,054 
Total liabilities, convertible preferred stock and stockholders' equity$312,673 $368,518 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
4


LIMONEIRA COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended
July 31,
Nine Months Ended
July 31,
 2023202220232022
Net revenues:  
Agribusiness$51,092 $57,594 $134,296 $141,046 
Other operations1,405 1,329 4,172 3,901 
Total net revenues52,497 58,923 138,468 144,947 
Costs and expenses:  
Agribusiness46,845 41,463 126,275 120,306 
Other operations1,034 1,127 3,281 3,294 
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets, net1,545 242 (29,199)503 
Gain on legal settlement  (2,269) 
Selling, general and administrative4,622 5,031 19,907 16,756 
Total costs and expenses54,046 47,863 117,995 140,859 
Operating (loss) income(1,549)11,060 20,473 4,088 
Other (expense) income:   
Interest income178 6 248 54 
Interest expense, net of patronage dividends(241)(772)(417)(1,253)
Equity in earnings of investments, net199 331 514 681 
Other (expense) income, net(215)13 (2,627)106 
Total other expense(79)(422)(2,282)(412)
(Loss) income before income tax benefit (provision)(1,628)10,638 18,191 3,676 
Income tax benefit (provision)378 (3,313)(5,537)(1,385)
Net (loss) income(1,250)7,325 12,654 2,291 
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest87 52 201 129 
Net (loss) income attributable to Limoneira Company(1,163)7,377 12,855 2,420 
Preferred dividends(125)(125)(376)(376)
Net (loss) income applicable to common stock$(1,288)$7,252 $12,479 $2,044 
Basic net (loss) income per common share$(0.07)$0.41 $0.70 $0.11 
Diluted net (loss) income per common share$(0.07)$0.40 $0.69 $0.11 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding-basic17,621 17,529 17,597 17,481 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding-diluted17,621 18,334 18,381 17,481 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
5


LIMONEIRA COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 Three Months Ended
July 31,
Nine Months Ended
July 31,
 2023202220232022
Net (loss) income$(1,250)$7,325 $12,654 $2,291 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:  
Foreign currency translation adjustments(485)(828)1,688 (1,779)
Minimum pension liability adjustments, net of tax of $0, $27, $(135) and $81 for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively
 72 (220)217 
Pension settlement cost, net of tax of $0 and $756 for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2023
  1,944  
Total other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax(485)(756)3,412 (1,562)
Comprehensive (loss) income(1,735)6,569 16,066 729 
Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest87 80 201 161 
Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to Limoneira Company$(1,648)$6,649 $16,267 $890 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
6


LIMONEIRA COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY AND TEMPORARY EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
 Stockholders' Equity Temporary Equity
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
RetainedAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
TreasuryNon- controllingTotalSeries B
Preferred
Series B-2
Preferred
 SharesAmountCapitalEarnings(Loss) IncomeStockInterestEquityStockStock
Balance at October 31, 202217,684,315 $177 $165,169 $15,500 $(7,908)$(3,493)$11,609 $181,054 $1,479 $9,331 
Dividends Common ($0.075 per share)
— — — (1,337)— — — (1,337)— — 
Dividends Series B ($2.19 per share)
— — — (32)— — — (32)— — 
Dividends Series B-2 ($10 per share)
— — — (93)— — — (93)— — 
Stock compensation146,289 1 1,063 — — — — 1,064 — — 
Noncontrolling interest adjustment— — — — — — (78)(78)— — 
Net income — — — 15,631 — — (97)15,534 — — 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 3,947 — — 3,947 — — 
Balance at January 31, 202317,830,604$178 $166,232 $29,669 $(3,961)$(3,493)$11,434 $200,059 $1,479 $9,331 
Dividends Common ($0.075 per share)
— — — (1,348)— — — (1,348)— — 
Dividends Series B ($2.19 per share)
— — — (33)— — — (33)— — 
Dividends Series B-2 ($10 per share)
— — — (93)— — — (93)— — 
Stock compensation149,900 2 963 — — — — 965 — — 
Exchange of common stock(1,594)— (26)— — — — (26)— — 
Net loss— — — (1,613)— — (17)(1,630)— — 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — (50)— — (50)— — 
Balance at April 30, 202317,978,910 $180 $167,169 $26,582 $(4,011)$(3,493)$11,417 $197,844 $1,479 $9,331 
Dividends Common ($0.075 per share)
— — — (1,349)— — — (1,349)— — 
Dividends Series B ($2.19 per share)
— — — (32)— — — (32)— — 
Dividends Series B-2 ($10 per share)
— — — (93)— — — (93)— — 
Stock compensation— — 756 — — — — 756 — — 
Net loss— — — (1,163)— — (87)(1,250)— — 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — (485)— — (485)— — 
Balance at July 31, 202317,978,910$180 $167,925 $23,945 $(4,496)$(3,493)$11,330 $195,391 $1,479 $9,331 












7


LIMONEIRA COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY AND TEMPORARY EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Stockholders' Equity Temporary Equity
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
RetainedAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
TreasuryNon- controllingTotalSeries B
Preferred
Series B-2
Preferred
SharesAmountCapitalEarnings(Loss) IncomeStockInterestEquityStockStock
Balance at October 31, 202117,685,400 $179 $163,965 $21,552 $(5,733)$(3,493)$11,965 $188,435 $1,479 $9,331 
Dividends Common ($0.075 per share)
— — — (1,328)— — — (1,328)— — 
Dividends Series B ($2.19 per share)
— — — (32)— — — (32)— — 
Dividends Series B-2 $10 per share)
— — — (93)— — — (93)— — 
Stock compensation70,000 1 996 — — — — 997 — — 
Exchange of common stock(55,362)— (900)— — — — (900)— — 
Net loss— — — (6,518)— — (88)(6,606)— — 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 127 — 2 129 — — 
Balance at January 31, 202217,700,038$180 $164,061 $13,581 $(5,606)$(3,493)$11,879 $180,602 $1,479 $9,331 
Dividends Common ($0.075 per share)
— — — (1,325)— — — (1,325)— — 
Dividends Series B ($2.19 per share)
— — — (33)— — — (33)— — 
Dividends Series B-2 ($10 per share)
— — — (93)— — — (93)— — 
Stock compensation34,231 — 378 — — — — 378 — — 
Exchange of common stock(12,718)— (186)— — — — (186)— — 
Net income— — — 1,561 — — 11 1,572 — — 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — (933)— (6)(939)— — 
Balance at April 30, 202217,721,551$180 $164,253 $13,691 $(6,539)$(3,493)$11,884 $179,976 $1,479 $9,331 
Dividends Common ($0.075 per share)
— — — (1,325)— — — (1,325)— — 
Dividends Series B ($2.19 per share)
— — — (32)— — — (32)— — 
Dividends Series B-2 ($10 per share)
— — — (93)— — — (93)— — 
Stock compensation— — 618 — — — — 618 — — 
Net income (loss)— — — 7,377 — — (52)7,325 — — 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — (756)— (28)(784)— — 
Balance at July 31, 202217,721,551$180 $164,871 $19,618 $(7,295)$(3,493)$11,804 $185,685 $1,479 $9,331 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
8


LIMONEIRA COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 Nine Months Ended
July 31,
 20232022
Operating activities
Net income$12,654 $2,291 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization6,510 7,432 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net(29,199)503 
Gain on legal settlement(853) 
Stock compensation expense2,785 1,993 
Non-cash lease expense1,226 323 
Equity in earnings of investments, net(514)(681)
Cash distributions from equity investments220 132 
Deferred income taxes5,537 1,385 
Other, net161 816 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable and receivables/other from related parties(3,881)(1,260)
Cultural costs2,175 1,168 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(336)(4,181)
Income taxes payable(330) 
Other assets19 3 
Accounts payable and growers and suppliers payable(4,442)(424)
Accrued liabilities and payables to related parties(3,073)1,612 
Other long-term liabilities(1,247)(193)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities(12,588)10,919 
Investing activities  
Capital expenditures(8,960)(7,673)
Net proceeds from sales of assets98,526 110 
Net proceeds from legal settlement853  
Net proceeds from sale of real estate development assets2,577  
Cash distribution from Trapani Fresh82  
Collection on notes receivable66 2,755 
Equity investment contributions(275) 
Investments in mutual water companies and water rights(511)(494)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities92,358 (5,302)
Financing activities  
Borrowings of long-term debt57,940 119,204 
Repayments of long-term debt(122,827)(119,327)
Proceeds from equipment financings 1,020 
Principal paid on finance lease and equipment financings(323)(271)
Dividends paid – common(4,034)(3,978)
Dividends paid – preferred(376)(376)
Exchange of common stock(26)(1,086)
Net cash used in financing activities(69,646)(4,814)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash26 (247)
Net increase in cash10,150 556 
Cash at beginning of period857 439 
Cash at end of period$11,007 $995 
9


LIMONEIRA COMPANY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED) (CONTINUED)
(in thousands)
 Nine Months Ended
July 31,
 20232022
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information  
Cash paid during the period for interest (net of amounts capitalized)$592 $1,108 
Cash paid during the period for income taxes$330 $ 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:  
Capital expenditures accrued but not paid at period-end$ $359 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.
10

LIMONEIRA COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

1. Organization and Basis of Presentation
Business
Limoneira Company (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”) engages primarily in growing citrus and avocados, picking and hauling citrus, and packing, marketing and selling citrus. The Company is also engaged in residential rentals and other rental operations and real estate development activities.
The Company markets and sells citrus directly to food service, wholesale and retail customers throughout the United States, Canada, Asia, Europe and other international markets. The Company is a member of Sunkist Growers, Inc., an agricultural marketing cooperative, and sells a portion of its oranges, specialty citrus and other crops to Sunkist-licensed and other third-party packinghouses.
Basis of Presentation and Preparation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and the accounts of all the subsidiaries and investments in which the Company holds a controlling interest. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of the Company, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are normal and recurring in nature, necessary for fair financial statement presentation. The preparation of these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Because the consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for a complete set of consolidated financial statements, they should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Comprehensive (Loss) Income
Comprehensive (loss) income represents all changes in a company’s net assets, except changes resulting from transactions with stockholders. Other comprehensive income or loss includes foreign currency translation items and defined benefit pension items. Accumulated other comprehensive loss is reported as a component of the Company's stockholders' equity.
The following table summarizes other comprehensive loss by component (in thousands):
Three Months Ended July 31,
20232022
Pre-tax AmountTax ExpenseNet AmountPre-tax AmountTax ExpenseNet Amount
Foreign currency translation adjustments$(485)$ $(485)$(828)$ $(828)
Minimum pension liability adjustments:
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications   99 (27)72 
Other comprehensive loss$(485)$ $(485)$(729)$(27)$(756)
11

LIMONEIRA COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (CONTINUED)
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (continued)
Nine Months Ended July 31,
 20232022
 Pre-tax AmountTax Benefit (Expense) Net AmountPre-tax AmountTax Expense Net Amount
Foreign currency translation adjustments$1,688 $ $1,688 $(1,779)$ $(1,779)
Minimum pension liability adjustments:
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications(355)135 (220)298 (81)217 
Amounts reclassified to earnings included in "Other income (expense), net"2,700 (756)1,944    
Other comprehensive income (loss)$4,033 $(621)$3,412 $(1,481)$(81)$(1,562)
The following table summarizes the changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component (in thousands):
 Foreign Currency Translation (Loss) GainDefined Benefit Pension PlanAccumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at October 31, 2022$(6,184)$(1,724)$(7,908)
Other comprehensive income1,688 1,724 3,412 
Balance at July 31, 2023$(4,496)$ $(4,496)
 Foreign Currency Translation LossDefined Benefit Pension PlanAccumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at October 31, 2021$(3,754)$(1,979)$(5,733)
Other comprehensive (loss) income(1,779)217 (1,562)
Balance at July 31, 2022$(5,533)$(1,762)$(7,295)
COVID-19 Pandemic
There is continued uncertainty around the breadth and duration of the Company's business disruptions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The decline in demand for the Company's products has negatively impacted the Company's sales and profitability since the beginning of the second quarter of fiscal year 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic may continue to impact the Company's sales and profitability in future periods. The duration of these trends and the magnitude of such impacts are uncertain and therefore cannot be estimated at this time, as they are influenced by a number of factors, many of which are outside management’s control.
Concentrations
Concentrations of credit risk with respect to revenues and accounts receivable are limited due to a large, diverse customer base. One individual customer represented 12% of revenue for the nine months ended July 31, 2023. No individual customer represented more than 10% of accounts receivable, net as of July 31, 2023.
No individual supplier represented 10% of accounts payable as of July 31, 2023.
Lemons procured from third-party growers were 53% and 51% of the Company's lemon supply for the nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. One third-party grower was 11% of the lemon supply for the nine months ended July 31, 2023.
The Company maintains its cash in federally insured financial institutions. The account balances at these institutions periodically exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance coverage and, as a result, there is a concentration of risk related to amounts on deposit in excess of FDIC insurance coverage.
12

LIMONEIRA COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (CONTINUED)
3. Asset Sales and Disposals
Northern Properties
In October 2022, the Company entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement, as amended, (the “Agreement”) with PGIM Real Estate Finance, LLC (“PGIM”) to sell 3,537 acres of land and citrus orchards in Tulare County, California (the “Northern Properties”) for a purchase price of approximately $100,405,000. On January 25, 2023, the Board approved the Agreement creating a binding agreement of the Company to sell the Northern Properties and the transaction closed on January 31, 2023. During the quarter ended April 30, 2023, the purchase price was decreased by $397,000 for reimbursement of certain cultural costs and prepaid expenses, resulting in a final purchase price of $100,008,000.
The following is a summary of the transaction (in thousands):
Net cash proceeds received$85,494 
Debt directly repaid through the transaction12,917 
Total net proceeds received98,411 
Less: net book value of assets sold
Cultural costs3,853 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets155 
Property, plant and equipment, net53,144 
Intangible assets, net12 
Other assets1,320 
Accrued liabilities(68)
58,416 
Gain on disposal of assets$39,995 
The proceeds were used to pay down all of the Company’s domestic debt except the AgWest Farm Credit $40,000,000 non-revolving line of credit. The Northern Properties component, including an allocation of interest expense related to the debt directly repaid through the transaction, had a pretax loss of $1,667,000 and $776,000 for the nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
On January 31, 2023, the Company entered into a Farm Management Agreement (“FMA”) with an affiliate of PGIM to provide farming, management and operations services related to the Northern Properties. The FMA has an initial term expiring March 31, 2024, and thereafter continuing from year to year unless earlier terminated under the terms of the FMA. Further, on January 31, 2023, the Company entered into a Grower Packing and Marketing Agreement to provide packing, marketing and selling services for lemons harvested on the Northern Properties for a minimum five-year term, subject to certain benchmarking standards.
Cadiz Ranch
In April 2023, the Company determined that citrus farming operations were economically unviable on 670 acres of leased agricultural land at the Cadiz Ranch. As a result, the Company ceased farming operations, disposed of the related property, plant and equipment and recorded a loss on disposal of assets of $9,012,000 during the nine months ended July 31, 2023.
4. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following (in thousands):
 July 31, 2023October 31, 2022
Prepaid supplies and insurance$2,753 $2,958 
Real estate development held for sale 2,670 
Sales tax receivable472 475 
Lemon supplier advances1,907 1,188 
Other985 1,205 
 $6,117 $8,496 
13

LIMONEIRA COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (CONTINUED)
5. Real Estate Development
Real estate development assets are comprised primarily of land and land development costs for the East Area II property in the amount of $9,967,000 and $9,706,000 at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022, respectively.
East Area I, Retained Property and East Area II
In fiscal year 2005, the Company began capitalizing the costs of two real estate development projects east of Santa Paula, California, for the development of 550 acres of land into residential units, commercial buildings and civic facilities. In November 2015 (the “Transaction Date”), the Company entered into a joint venture with The Lewis Group of Companies (“Lewis”) for the residential development of its East Area I real estate development project. To consummate the transaction, the Company formed Limoneira Lewis Community Builders, LLC (“LLCB”) as the development entity, contributed its East Area I property to LLCB, and sold a 50% interest to Lewis for $20,000,000.
The Company and LLCB also entered into a Retained Property Development Agreement on the Transaction Date (the “Retained Property Agreement”). Under the terms of the Retained Property Agreement, LLCB transferred certain contributed East Area I property, which is entitled for commercial development, back to the Company (the “Retained Property”) and arranged for the design and construction of certain improvements to the Retained Property and East Area II, subject to certain reimbursements by the Company. The balance in East Area II includes estimated costs incurred by and reimbursable to LLCB of $3,444,000 at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022, which is included in payables to related parties.
In January 2018, LLCB entered into a $45,000,000 unsecured Line of Credit Loan Agreement and Promissory Note (the “Loan”) with Bank of America, N.A. to fund early development activities. Effective as of February 22, 2023, the Loan maturity date was extended to February 22, 2024, and the maximum borrowing amount was reduced to $35,000,000. As of February 1, 2023, the interest rate on the Loan transitioned from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) to the Bloomberg Short-Term Bank Yield Index rate (“BSBY”) plus 2.85% and is payable monthly. The Loan contains certain customary default provisions and LLCB may prepay any amounts outstanding under the Loan without penalty. The Loan had an outstanding balance of $15,000,000 as of July 31, 2023.
In February 2018, the Company and certain principals from Lewis guaranteed the obligations under the Loan. The guarantors are jointly and severally liable for all Loan obligations in the event of default by LLCB. The guarantee continues in effect until all of the Loan obligations are fully paid. The $1,080,000 estimated value of the guarantee was recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and is included in other long-term liabilities with a corresponding value in equity in investments. Additionally, a Reimbursement Agreement was executed between the Lewis guarantors and the Company, which provides for unpaid liabilities of LLCB to be shared pro-rata by the Lewis guarantors and the Company in proportion to their percentage interest in LLCB.
In October 2022, the Company entered into a joint venture with Lewis for the development of the Retained Property. The Company formed LLCB II, LLC (“LLCB II”) as the development entity, contributed the Retained Property to the joint venture and sold a 50% interest to Lewis for $7,975,000. The Company recorded a deferred gain of $465,000 on the transaction, which is included in other long-term liabilities as of July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022. The joint venture partners will share in the capital contributions to fund project costs until loan proceeds and/or revenues are sufficient to fund the project. The Company made contributions of $275,000 to LLCB II during the nine months ended July 31, 2023.
Through July 31, 2023, LLCB has closed sales of initial residential lots representing 586 residential units.
Other Real Estate Development Projects
In fiscal year 2020, the Company entered into an agreement to sell its Sevilla property for $2,700,000, which closed in November 2022. After transaction and other costs, the Company received cash proceeds of approximately $2,577,000 and recorded an immaterial loss on disposal of assets during the nine months ended July 31, 2023.
14

LIMONEIRA COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (CONTINUED)
6. Equity in Investments
Equity in investments consist of the following (in thousands):
 July 31, 2023October 31, 2022
Limoneira Lewis Community Builders, LLC$61,605 $61,154 
LLCB II, LLC8,297 8,023 
Limco Del Mar, Ltd.1,839 2,024 
Rosales1,182 1,147 
Romney Property Partnership502 507 
 $73,425 $72,855 
Net amounts due from Rosales were $2,348,000 and $270,000 at July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2022, respectively, and are included in receivables/other from related parties.
Unconsolidated Significant Subsidiary
In accordance with Rule 10-01(b)(1) of Regulation S-X, which applies to interim reports on Form 10-Q, the Company must determine if its equity method investees are considered “significant subsidiaries.” In evaluating its investments, there are two tests utilized to determine if equity method investees are considered significant subsidiaries: the income test and the investment test. Summarized income statement information of an equity method investee is required in an interim report if either of the two tests exceed 20% in the interim periods presented. During the year-to-date interim periods for the nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022, this threshold was not met for any of the Company's equity investments.
7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net
A summary of the change in the carrying amount of goodwill is as follows (in thousands):
Goodwill Carrying Amount
Balance at October 31, 2022$1,506 
Foreign currency translation adjustment18 
Balance at July 31, 2023$1,524 
Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis or when an event or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying value may not be recoverable. There have been no impairment charges recorded against goodwill as of July 31, 2023.
Intangible assets consist of the following (in thousands):
July 31, 2023October 31, 2022
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountWeighted Average Useful Life in YearsGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountWeighted Average Useful Life in Years
Trade names and trademarks$2,108 (1,053)1,055 8$2,108 $(881)$1,227 8
Customer relationships4,037 (1,998)2,039 94,037 (1,660)2,377 9
Non-competition agreement 437 (119)318 8437 (76)361 8
Acquired water and mineral rights3,584 — 3,584 Indefinite3,352 — 3,352  Indefinite
$10,166 $(3,170)$6,996 $9,934 $(2,617)$7,317 

15

LIMONEIRA COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED) (CONTINUED)
7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net (continued)
Amortization expense totaled $178,000 and $182,000 for the three months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Amortization expense totaled $553,000 and $543,000 for the nine months ended July 31, 2023 and 2022 respectively.